M3 Carl Gustav 84-mm Recoilless Rifle

M3 Carl Gustav 84-mm Recoilless Rifle

M3 Carl Gustav 84-mm Recoilless Rifle

The US Army Special Operations Command was looking for a replacement for its aging M67 90-mm recoilless rifle. As with the 90-mm, they wanted a highly effective weapon for close support that could be used against armor, bunkers, fortifications and buildings. Variants of the Carl Gustav had been in use with several NATO countries for years. British commandos used the M2 model with great success against Argentinean bunkers during the Falklands War in the early 1980's. The Carl Gustav seemed to be a logical choice and the M3 was soon developed.

The weapon is loaded by inserting a round from the rear into the breech. Although it's designed for use against tanks, it can also be used in a variety of other roles. It fires HE, HEAT, HEDP, Illuminating and Smoke rounds. The M3 was fielded with the Ranger Battalions in 1990 where it became known as the Ranger Antitank Weapons System (RAWS). Although the M3 is portable, it may also be seen mounted on a Ranger Special Operations Vehicle (RSOV).

  • Primary Function Close support antitank
  • antipersonnel weapon
  • Manufacturer Sweden
  • Caliber 84-mm
  • Length 42 in
  • Weight 25 lbs
  • Range 1000 m
  • Sight Open or telescopic
  • Ignition Percussion
  • Muzzle Velocity 350 m/sec
  • Ammunition HEAT, HEDP, HE, Illuminating, Smoke
  • Rounds per Minute 6
By Tim Davis